The Attorney General is given his authority and obligations by the Georgia Constitution and the Official Code of Georgia. His duties include:
- Serving as the attorney and legal advisor for all state agencies, departments, authorities and the Governor.
- Providing opinions on legal questions concerning the State of Georgia or its agencies, which are binding on all state agencies and departments.
- Representing the State of Georgia in all capital felony appeals before the Supreme Court of Georgia.
- Representing the State of Georgia in all civil cases before any court.
- Representing the State of Georgia in all cases appearing before the Supreme Court of the United States.
- Prosecuting public corruption cases where criminal charges are filed against any person or business for illegal activity when dealing with the State of Georgia.
- Initiating civil or criminal actions on behalf of the State of Georgia when requested to do so by the Governor.
- Preparing all contracts and agreements regarding any matter in which the State of Georgia is involved.
The Attorney General does not, and indeed by law cannot, provide legal advice to private citizens.